Thursday, September 23, 2010

Etika membaca al-Quran

It is very significant, for you, dear reader of the Quran, to observe the following:

  • Do not touch the Quran except when in the state of ritual purity (Wudhoo), and only recite it when you are in that state.

  • Brush your teeth with a wooden tooth stick (Siwaak), remove food particles from between them, and freshen your mouth before reciting.

  • Sit up straight if (reading whilst) not in prayer, and do not lean back.

  • Face the direction of prayer (Qiblah) when reciting.

  • Rinse your mouth out with water if you cough up mucus or phlegm while reciting.

  • Stop reciting when you yawn, for when reciting, you are addressing your Lord in intimate conversation, while yawning is from the Devil.

  • At the beginning of your recitation, seek refuge in Allaah from the accursed Devil by saying the Isti'aathah (i.e., "A'oothu Billaahi min Ash-Shaytaanirraajeem", which means: "I seek refuge in Allaah from Satan, the accursed."), whether beginning to read from the beginning of a Soorah (Quranic chapter) or from some other part that one has reached.

  • Once you have begun, do not to interrupt your recitation from moment to moment with human words, unless absolutely necessary.

  • Seclude yourself when reciting it, so as not to be interrupted by someone, forcing you to mix the words of the Quran with a reply, for this nullifies the effectiveness of having taken refuge in Allaah from the Devil at the beginning.

  • Recite it slowly without haste, distinctly pronouncing each letter.

  • Try to comprehend what is being said in every verse.

  • Pause at verses that promise Allaah's favour, long for Allaah Most High and ask of His bounty. At verses that warn of His punishment, ask His protection from it.

  • Ponder over the stories of past civilisations and individuals, taking heed and benefiting from their example.

  • Learn the meanings of the Quran's unique lexical usages.

  • Pay attention to each letter so as to clearly and fully pronounce every word, for each letter earns one ten good deeds.

  • Whenever one finishes reciting, attest to the truthfulness of Allaah, and that His messenger Muhammad sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam (may Allaah exalt his mention) has delivered His message; do this by saying: "Our Lord! You have spoken the truth, Your Messengers have delivered their tidings, and bear witness to this. O Allaah, make us of those who bear witness to the truth and who act with justice."
  • After this, supplicate Allaah with prayers.

  • Try not to select certain verses from each chapter to recite, instead, aim to recite whole chapters at a time.

  • If you put down the Quran, do not leave it open.

  • Do not place other books on top of the Quran; it should always occupy a higher position than all other books, regardless of whether they are books of sacred knowledge or not.

  • Place the Quran on your lap when reading, or on something in front of you, but not on the floor.

  • Do not let a day go by without looking at least once at the pages of the Quran.

  • Do not trivially and playfully quote the Quran at the occurrence of everyday events as by saying, for example, when someone comes (what means): "Eat and drink in satisfaction for what you put forth in the days past" [Quran: 69:24] when food is brought out, and so forth.

  • Do not recite the Quran to the tunes of songs.

  • When writing the Quran, do so in clear, elegant handwriting.

  • If someone else is reciting, do not recite in a way in that would disturb him.

  • Do not recite it in marketplaces, places of clamour and frivolity, or where ill-mannered people gather.

  • Do not use the Quran as a pillow, or lean upon it.

  • Do not toss it when handing it to someone else.

  • Do not miniaturize the Quran, mix into it what is not of it, or mingle worldly adornment with it by embellishing or writing it with gold.

  • Do not write it on the ground or on walls, as is done in some new mosques.

  • Do not to enter the lavatory with a paper or anything else on which the Quran is written, unless it is encased in leather, silver, or other materials, for then it is as if kept in the heart.

  • If you write it (on paper) and immerse that paper in a glass of water to drink it (for cure or other purpose), then make a noble and worthy intention, for Allaah only gives to one according to his intention.

  • And if you finish reading the entire Quran, immediately begin reading it again, so it does not become something that has been abandoned.

Author: Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Qurtubi

Taken from here.

No comments:

Post a Comment